Daring Cooks Challenge, April 2010- Brunswick Stew

The 2010 April Daring Cooks challenge was hosted by Wolf of Wolf’s Den. She chose to challenge Daring Cooks to make Brunswick Stew. Wolf chose recipes for her challenge from The Lee Bros. Southern Cookbook by Matt Lee and Ted Lee, and from the Callaway, Virginia Ruritan Club.

Hey! Wait, that's me!

}:P



In all my years of living here in the South, I'd never tried Brunswick Stew, that ubiquitous pan-Southern classic that's at nearly every State fair or Festival here. And I've lived here 9+ years. Well, until 2+ years ago.

The first time I tried Brunswick Stew was at the Blue Ridge Folklife Festival in Ferrum, Va, where Mark persuaded me to at least try it. I'll admit, at first it never appealed to me, because nearly every version prior to the Ruritan Club's, had always had okra and lima beans in it. I hate okra. I hate lima beans as well. So, I never ate it until that day.

The Callaway Ruritan Club doesn't use okra. They don't even use lima beans. Those were big points in their favor. So we got bowls of the Stew and found a place to sit.

I liked it. I really liked it. In fact, I liked it so much, I went up and got one of the little cards they were handing out with the recipe printed on it.
And then, I promptly misplaced it as soon as I got home. Yeah.

Fast forward to last Dec. I received an email from Liz about possibly hosting a Daring Cooks Challenge. I jumped at the chance and promptly said, yes! Of course! Can I have April, cause it's my birth day month?! Needless to say, Liz laughed at me and gave me April as my month to host.}:P

Then I panicked. What the devil would I do for said Challenge? Yikes.

I called my mom. Help! I said! Well, what do you have in mind, she replied. I have no idea! I said, clearly stressed. So she sent me her Traditional Macedonian Recipes book, thinking maybe I'd find something in there. I asked Mark's mom too, but she too, had no ideas. Then I started looking through my cookbooks. Hmm, maybe Greek. How about German...

Then after a month, Mark said to me, hey. K.I.S.S. I naturally looked at him like he was an idiot. Well, he IS a blonde. And he, exasperated, said, Keep It Simple, Stupid. Do a Brunswick Stew.

You know. Sometimes the man is a genius. That is one of the many reasons I married him.}:P



We headed to Barnes and Noble the next weekend, where we both scoured cookbooks for the perfect recipe, as surprisingly, none of mine had one in them. Still puzzled over that one.



There we found this book. It was perfect and reminded us strongly of the Brunswick Stew we'd had. So that was what we went with. Never you mind the fact it has lots of really interesting recipes in it too. (But I really suggest getting a copy, it's a really neat book!)

Then in JANUARY, yes, January, I first did the Challenge to test it out for everyone and make sure it was fairly straightforward. I also found the misplaced recipe card.}:P

So. The Stew.

First, make sure you have a stock pot that will hold at least 10 quarts. Trust me. I went and got a 16 qt one after I made this because it filled, to the brim, both of my 4 qt stock pots. Yeah.



In the bottom of your stock pot, brown your bacon. Now, I left the bacon in my finished stew, because it seemed a waste to remove it and throw it away at the end of the cooking process. Anyway, brown it, and then remove it to a large bowl, set aside.




While the bacon is browning, slice and deseed at least 2 Serrano Chiles. I ended up using 3 the second time I made this. You then toss them into the bacon fat in the bottom of your pot. Quickly saute them just until you can start to smell them. Should take 2-3 minutes. Remove to the bowl with the bacon.




Hopefully you were smart and prepped your chicken and rabbit if you use it, or pork country style ribs in my case, prior to starting. Remove the skin and fat from the chicken, cut the pork into manageable chunks, then liberally salt and pepper all sides.

Then, carefully so you don't splatter yourself, place the chicken and pork in your pot, trying not to crowd the pieces, and brown all sides. Once the pieces are browned, remove them to the bowl with the bacon and chiles. Continue until all meat is browned.



Now, I cheated. I used store bought chicken stock instead of homemade. Mainly because I used all my homemade in the previous Daring Cooks Challenge, risotto.}:P So you take a couple cups, and pour it into your stock pot, using a wooden spoon to scrap the browned bits from the bottom. Essentially, you're deglazing the pot. Boil the stock until it reduces by half. It smelled amazing at this point, already.



While the stock was reducing, I chopped up the onion, celery, and carrots. Now, the recipe says to remove the celery as well. Pfft, I like celery, so I chopped it up and left it in. I'm also fortunate to have my own Bay plant on hand, so was able to use fresh bay in my Stew. Dried is customarily what's used though. I also chopped up my red potatoes as well.



Once the initial stock had reduced, you add your chopped potatoes and meats back into the pot. Then you add the rest of the stock and let it merrily cook away...



Until the meat starts to fall apart and come off the bones. Then you remove the meat to the same bowl you used earlier. Once it cools enough to handle safely, you shred the meats, removing all the bones. Well, as many as you can find. Mark found a tiny one in his Stew. Whoops. After you shred the meat, add it back to the pot of potatoes and stock.



Then you add your carrots, and after stirring, realize you need another pot to add everything else because it's already way full. Yikes. See what I mean about a BIG stock pot? Yeah. After you split it, more or less evenly, you let it cook until the carrots are tender and just starting to pale in color.



Meanwhile, open the butterbeans (or limas if you decided to use them) and your tomatoes. Drain the beans, but not the tomatoes. You want that bit of juice.



After the carrots cook, you then add everything else, crushing the tomatoes and tearing them into pieces as you add them. Mine decided to make a mess and squirt me with juice, both times that I made this. Heh. Gently stir to thoroughly mix everything and then let it come back up to a slow boil. Yes, it will start smelling absolutely delicious.



Near the end, you add in your red wine vinegar and lemon juice. Also, salt and pepper to taste. Stir it again to mix in the vinegar and lemon juice. I suggest tasting it BEFORE you add either, as some people liked it without and some liked it with. So it's a matter of personal taste, really.



Now, the first time I made this back in January, I forgot to take a spoon standing on its own photo. This time, when I made it on my birth day (yes, yes, I know, what was I doing making my own birth day dinner. Well, when you figure that out tell me. I also made my own desserts too- Dark Chocolate Cupcakes with Salted Caramel Buttercream Icing. Yum ) , I remembered to get that photo! Whee! And it stood up in the bowls as well.}:P Well, not THIS spoon, but the individual spoons did. Heh.



The finished Stew! This is a very filling Stew, great with cornbread or dumplings, or other rolls. And it freezes well too, so don't be afraid of having leftovers. Speaking of leftovers, be sure to check out some of the other Daring Cooks' finished Challenges. Several did Vegan styles, and several made other dishes with their leftovers! It was awesome seeing them all.


RECIPES! And a bit of background history!

Notes-

Version One-

1- I used 2 Serrano Chiles, fresh, stemmed, deseeded and sliced into quarters. Use what you have on hand or can get easily.
2- I used pork (country style pork ribs, which here, are mostly meat, with very little bone) instead of rabbit, as it is hard to find, as well as rather on the expensive side. In fact, the original recipe says to “substitute 1 1/2lbs of boneless pork shoulder cut to 1” dice”.
3- I used Swanson’s Cooking Chicken Stock, rather than make my own, as it would have added extra time to an already long cooking time. You could use your own homemade stock or store bought if you prefer.
4- I used frozen corn, canned butterbeans, red onions, red skinned potatoes, frozen carrots, and chopped the celery into a rough dice. You could also use lima beans if butterbeans are not handy or easy to find.
5- Now, it seemed to me that is was a waste of perfectly good bacon and celery to simply discard them. So I left them in mine. The chiles fell apart as I tried to remove them, so only the skins were actually removed. You could do the same if you choose.
6- You can use dried bay leaves if you do not have fresh handy. In fact, the ONLY reason I used fresh myself, is because I happen to have a Bay plant. Otherwise, dried is generally the way to go.

Version Two-

Poultry Seasoning contains variations of sage, thyme, pepper, marjoram or other similar herbs. You can substitute with your favorite herbs and spices if you cannot find actual poultry seasoning.


Prep Time-

Recipe 1- Estimated time-3-4 hours, longer if making the Sunday Chicken Broth, or your own stock from scratch
Recipe 2- Estimated Time- 1 ½ to 2 ½ hours, depending on whether you have your meats already cooked first.

Equipment needed-
Large stock pot, at least 10-12qt OR Dutch Oven , or smaller if you halve the recipe used
Cutting board
Knives
Measuring cups and spoons
Colander
Large bowl
Large wooden spoon for stirring
Tongs



Recipe One, the Long Way-
From “The Lee Bros. Southern Cookbook: Stories and Recipes for Southerners and Would-Be Southerners” by Matt Lee and Ted Lee


Serves about 12

1/4 lb / 113.88 grams / 4 oz slab bacon, rough diced
2 Serrano, Thai or other dried red chiles, stems trimmed, sliced, seeded, flattened
1lb / 455.52 grams / 16oz rabbit, quartered, skinned
1 4-5lb / 1822.08- 2277.6 grams / 64-80oz chicken, quartered, skinned, and most of the fat removed
1 Tablespoon / 14.235 grams / ½ oz sea salt for seasoning, plus extra to taste
2-3 quarts / 8-12 cups / 64.607-96.9oz Sunday Chicken Broth (recipe below)
2 Bay leaves
2 large celery stalks
2lbs / 911.04 grams / 32oz Yukon Gold potatoes, or other waxy type potatoes, peeled, rough diced
1 ½ cups / 344.88 grams / 12.114oz carrots (about 5 small carrots), chopped
3 ½ / 804.72 grams / 28.266oz cups onion (about 4 medium onions) chopped
2 cups / 459.84 grams / 16.152oz fresh corn kernels, cut from the cob (about 4 ears)
3 cups / 689.76 grams / 24.228oz butterbeans, preferably fresh (1 ¼ lbs) or defrosted frozen
1 35oz can / 996.45 grams / 4 cups whole, peeled tomatoes, drained
¼ cup / 57.48 grams / 2.019 oz red wine vinegar
Juice of 2 lemons
Tabasco sauce to taste

Directions-

Recipe 1-


1-In the largest stockpot you have, which is hopefully larger than the 5 qt ones I have, preferably a 10-12 qt or even a Dutch Oven if you’re lucky enough to have one, fry the bacon over medium-high heat until it just starts to crisp. Transfer to a large bowl, and set aside. Reserve most of the bacon fat in your pan, and with the pan on the burner, add in the chiles. Toast the chiles until they just start to smell good, or make your nose tingle, about a minute tops. Remove to bowl with the bacon.

2- Season liberally both sides of the rabbit and chicken pieces with sea salt and pepper. Place the rabbit pieces in the pot and sear off all sides possible. You just want to brown them, not cook them completely. Remove to bowl with bacon and chiles, add more bacon fat if needed, or olive oil, or other oil of your choice, then add in chicken pieces, again, browning all sides nicely. Remember not to crowd your pieces, especially if you have a narrow bottomed pot. Put the chicken in the bowl with the bacon, chiles and rabbit. Set it aside.

3- Add 2 cups of your chicken broth or stock, if you prefer, to the pan and basically deglaze the4 pan, making sure to get all the goodness cooked onto the bottom. The stock will become a nice rich dark color and start smelling good. Bring it up to a boil and let it boil away until reduced by at least half. Add your remaining stock, the bay leaves, celery, potatoes, chicken, rabbit, bacon, chiles and any liquid that may have gathered at the bottom of the bowl they were resting in. Bring the pot back up to a low boil/high simmer, over medium/high heat. Reduce heat to low and cover, remember to stir every 15 minutes, give or take, to thoroughly meld the flavors. Simmer, on low, for approximately 1 ½ hours. Supposedly, the stock may become a yellow tinge with pieces of chicken or rabbit floating up, the celery will be very limp, as will the chiles. Taste the stock, according to the recipe, it “should taste like the best chicken soup you’ve ever had”.

4- With a pair of tongs, remove the chicken and rabbit pieces to a colander over the bowl you used earlier. Be careful, as by this time, the meats will be very tender and may start falling apart. Remove the bay leaf, celery, chiles, bacon and discard.5 After you’ve allowed the meat to cool enough to handle, carefully remove all the meat from the bones, shredding it as you go. Return the meat to the pot, throwing away the bones. Add in your carrots, and stir gently, allowing it to come back to a slow simmer. Simmer gently, uncovered, for at least 25 minutes, or until the carrots have started to soften.

5- Add in your onion, butterbeans, corn and tomatoes. As you add the tomatoes, crush them up, be careful not to pull a me, and squirt juice straight up into the air, requiring cleaning of the entire stove. Simmer for another 30 minutes, stirring every so often until the stew has reduced slightly, and onions, corn and butterbeans are tender. Remove from heat and add in vinegar, lemon juice, stir to blend in well. Season to taste with sea salt, pepper, and Tabasco sauce if desired.

6 You can either serve immediately or refrigerate for 24 hours, which makes the flavors meld more and makes the overall stew even better. Serve hot, either on its own, or with a side of corn bread, over steamed white rice, with any braised greens as a side.

Recipe Two, The Short Way-

This version goes on the assumption that you already have cooked your meats and have broth on hand. This was also my first experience with eating Brunswick stew. It’s got more of a tomato base, has larger, chunkier vegetables, but is just as wonderful as recipe one. However, it is a lot quicker to make than the first recipe.

Brunswick Stew recipe from the Callaway, Va Ruritan Club, served yearly at the Blue Ridge Folklife Festival in Ferrum, Va.

Serves about 10

2 ½ lb TOTAL diced stewed chicken, turkey, and ham, with broth - yes, all three meats
3 medium diced potatoes
2 medium ripe crushed tomatoes
2 medium diced onions
3 cups/ 689.76 grams / 24.228oz frozen corn
1 ½ cups / 344.88 grams / 12.114oz frozen lima beans
4-5 strips crumbled bacon
½ stick / 4 tablespoons / ¼ cup / 56.94 grams / 2oz of butter
1 Tablespoon / 14.235 grams / .5 oz sugar
1 Tablespoon / 14.235 grams / .5 oz ‘Poultry Seasoning’
Dash of red pepper
2 diced carrots (optional)
Tomato juice

In large stock pot or Dutch Oven, mix all ingredients, heat until bubbly and hot. Add salt and pepper to taste. Add tomato juice as desired. Cook until all vegetables are tender. Serve hot.


Optional- Not required for the Challenge-

Sunday Chicken Broth

From “The Lee Bros. Southern Cookbook: Stories and Recipes for Southerners and Would-Be Southerners” by Matt Lee and Ted Lee


Makes about 1 quart (4 cups or 919.68 grams or 32.303 oz)
Estimated Time- 1 ¼ hours

Bones and trimmings, but not giblets, of one 3 ½- 4 ½ lb (1594.32-2049.84 grams or 56-72 oz) chicken, or 12-14 oz / 341.64-398.58 grams / approx. 2 cups chicken bones and trimmings
1 large onion, trimmed, peeled, quartered
6 large stems fresh flat leaf parsley
1 stalk celery, cut into 2” lengths
2 large bay leaves
5 cups / 1149.6 grams / 40.379 oz cold water
1 cup / 229.92 grams / 8.076oz crisp dry white wine
Salt and pepper to taste

Place bones/trimmings in medium stockpot and add onion, parsley, celery and bay leaves. Add wine and water, liquid should cover all ingredients, if not, add more until it does. Bring to vigorous simmer over high heat, then reduce heat and simmer gently for roughly 45 minutes to an hour, skimming any scum or fat that comes to the surface.

Strain broth into bowl through fine mesh strainer. Discard the solids. Measure what you are left with, if not planning to further reduce, then salt and pepper to taste.

Store in tightly sealed container in refrigerator until the remaining fat congeals on the top. Remove the fat, and unless not using within 2 days, keep tightly sealed in the refrigerator. Otherwise, freeze, and it will keep for upwards of a month.


Background history-
Brunswick Stew has a long, and oft debated history. Brunswick, Georgia claimed that the first Brunswick Stew was created there in 1898. There is, at the Golden Isles Welcome Center on Interstate 95, a bronzed stew pot with a plaque proclaiming this fact.

However, Brunswick, Virginia claims that the first Brunswick Stew was created there by a camp cook named Jimmy Matthews in 1828, for a hunting expedition led by Dr. Creed Haskings, a member of the Virginia State Legislature for a number of years. He was said to have used squirrel in the original Brunswick Stew created for the group when they returned. The hunters were at first skeptical of the thick, hearty concoction, but upon tasting it, were convinced and asked for more.

Every year, there is an Annual Brunswick Stew Cookoff that pits ‘Stewmasters’ from both Virgina and Georgia against their counterparts, and takes place every October in Georgia.

In the early 20th Cent, the rivalry of the two Brunswicks helped make this dish as popular as it is today, and it quickly became a pan-Southern classic. Some recipe call for the original addition of squirrel, but most allow for chicken, turkey, ham, or pork, even beef on occasion. Rabbit is also used. The vegetables can vary widely from variation to variation, however, the Brunswick Stewmasters recipe says *exactly* what is used in competion stews, and states that “Adding any additional ingredient(s) will disqualify the stew from being an original Brunswick Stew.”

However, most agree that, Brunswick stew is not done properly “until the paddle stands up in the middle.”
The first recipe is more traditional - long and involved, as can be many Southern recipes. The second was the very first Brunswick stew I ever tasted. Both are fairly straight forward and easy, requiring no special equipment, techniques, or super hard to find ingredients.

Comments

(Anonymous)

Thank you so much for hosting this challenge! I was so glad to try something new, and I will definitely be making it again in the future! Oh, and I love your new pot! ;) Thank you so much for such a delicious, fun challenge!
Shelley
cmomcook.blogspot.com

(Anonymous)

delicious challenge

Thank you so much for all your hard work on this months challenge. Not only was it something new and challenging it also gave us something delicious.
Wic

(Anonymous)

Thanks for hosting this months challenge. Great choice and I must get my hands on that cookbook.

Luci

Awesome work on this challenge

Wolf thank you for hosting this month's challenge you did an awesome job on this recipe it is so easy and makes so so much LOL LOL and is so tasty and so adaptable for vegans etc. Superb!!!!

And your photos and posting are always so thorough and clear to understand bravo bravo bravo to you.

Cheers from Audax in Sydney Australia.

Great challenge!

Thanks for hosting a great challenge - Brunswick Stew was new to us and we really enjoyed both making and eating it. But that part in recipe 1 where it says to remove the bacon? Can't do it - sorry! :-)

- Dave and Linda, from Monkeyshines in the Kitchen

(Anonymous)

Thank you so much for hosting such a fun challenge. I enjoyed learning about a type of cuisine I don't normally think of, and also figureing out how to make such a meaty dish into something vegetarian! Your stew looks hearty, filling and comforting (well, if you're a meat eater that is...!). Thank you so much!
It definitely was a good challenge! :) A nice way to get all of the daily veggie servings into one meal!
On a side note, that's funny... "K.I.S.S."... My highschool drama teacher used to tell us this. Of course it was only for monologues and the such, but it's something that has stuck with me for the past 10 years.. :)
Thanks a lot for hosting this challenge. I must say, I'm so happy you misplaced that recipe card. You probably wouldn't have bought the book, no? And then I wouldn't have had the idea to use my pre-ordered rabbit for the stew. It was awesome and this recipe #1 is definitely a keeper!
Thank you for hosting this great challenge! Always loved Brunswick Stew, but had never actually made it and was rather shocked to realize that!

Great Challenge!

Thank you for hosting this challenge. It was one tasty meal, hearty and warm too, just what we needed before we step into Spring! Cheers!

(Anonymous)

Great recipe - thank you!

Thank you for a great challenge! It was my first one on the Daring Kitchen and it was a lot of fun.
We loved the stew - it was very timely, while it was still cold :-).
And I love your photos!

Cooking Rookie
cookingrookie.blogspot.com

(Anonymous)

Thank you for a wonderful challenge! It was very tasty and the hubby was very happy with the outcome. I don't blame you for not trying it before with the okra in it (I'm not a fan of okra, it's slimy and yeah no thanks!) so glad you found some recipes that don't ask for it :D

Rochelle (Acquired Taste)

(Anonymous)

Droolworthy

Thanks for a great challenge! It was definitely a perfect end to the winter. ;)

Looking at your post makes me want it again...

(Anonymous)

Re: Droolworthy

Oh man, I'm slow... forgot to put my name. xoxo cuppy

Your Birthday

You cooked your own birthday dinner because you are the family cook. It just wouldn't have tasted so good or looked so beautiful if someone else did it.

I congratulated another cook on your new stock pot. Woops. I have been reading lots of blogs today.

Those two brothers from the book were on the South Carolina ( I think ) episode of No Reservations. They took Tony to a garden party and later made steamed oysters. I like their food style.

(Anonymous)

thanks

thank you for this challenge! I really liked the end result :)
www.energychef.blogspot.com

(Anonymous)

Thanks for doing this month's challenge! I had never heard of this dish before, so it was really interesting and the end result was fantastic! I will definitely make a bigger batch next time, and try freezing some leftovers.... YUM.
Thank you for such a great challenge, I had never even heard of this stew and it's delicious!!
LindaMary
Thanks for a great challenge! I'd never heard of Brunswick Stew, so I loved the bit of history you provided.

And I also had to buy a BIG stock pot (was about time though, all my pots are teeny tiny). *grin*

(Anonymous)

great challenge!

Hello! This was my first Daring Cooks challenge as well, and I really enjoyed it. I was a little dubious at first as I have never been a fan of stew, but it was absolutely delicious. I made homemade seitan to replace the meat and the overall result was super tasty. Thanks for all of your hard work.
P.S. I really like the way you format your DK posts. :)

Jehara

www.jehara.blogspot.com

(Anonymous)

great challenge

Thanks for hosting! Great post, too! Love all the in process photos...
Thanks again, Winnie from Healthy Green Kitchen

(Anonymous)

Thank you for choosing this really awesome stew. I love it.

I will have to look for the book and check out their recipes.:)

Oggi
http://oggi-icandothat.blogspot.com/

(Anonymous)

What an awesome challenge!

Thanks for choosing something that was new and incredibly delicious, Wolf! I had a fantastic time making this stew (and an even better time eating it).

-Tariqata
I never actually lived in VA (MD was were I was born and raised), however I've been to one or two folk festivals over the years, but I don't ever recall actually seeing anything called 'Brunswick Stew' before. Not sure if I'd like it or not. I'm not a HUGE fan of most things that have tomato in them. Something about the consistency. What's funny is I LIKE tomato soup. Like the taste.

Stews are FABULOUS for the wintertime. You get up, start your stew in the morning, go play in the snow, having your grilled cheese and tomato soup for lunch, go back out and play in the snow and when you're EXHAUSTED, come in and have your stew for dinner. :)
Okay, this was my first time eating and cooking a pot of Brunswick Stew and while I was unsure at first if the stew would be good without meat, I was surprised to taste the rather amazing results. Thanks much for this challenge, I would be in the dark about this southern tradition!

nikki (art and lemons)
Okay, this was my first time eating and cooking a pot of Brunswick Stew and while I was unsure at first if the stew would be good without meat, I was surprised to taste the rather amazing results. Thanks much for this challenge, I would be in the dark about this southern tradition!

nikki (art and lemons)

(Anonymous)

Great Challenge!

Well, what can i say?...congrats for a wonderful challenge. Brunswick stew is a keeper although i want to try rabbit on my next try, hoping i can get a hold of one here.I love the K.I.S.S. acronym lol!

Pia (Taga_Luto)
Wolf..thank you so much for a great challenge! Your photos and stew look amazing..and I almost wish I stayed a little more true to the 'Brunswick' in looking at yours :)

Great Recipe!

Great recipe!My family really loved it. Never really experienced real Southern food, so this was a treat! And easy, too. I needed a home run Daring Cooks recipe after some of those more complicated challenges.